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平码3中3什么意思:《裝卸時間與滯期費》第3章-裝卸時間的起算-63

平码天下 www.gvspo.icu 《裝卸時間與滯期費》第6版

CHAPTER 3 第3章

Commencement of laytime 裝卸時間的起算

3.415 In The Adolf Leonhardt, Staughton J had to consider whether it was effective to allow notice of readiness for the port of Rosario to be given at Intersection some 200 miles down river. As to its meaning, the judge said that the use of the words might have been directed at ports with no waiting area within their limits; the vessel must reach a usual waiting area for the port in question and must be at the immediate and effective disposition of the charterers. On this he concluded:

It seems to me that a vessel is as effectively at the disposition of the charterer at Intersection as modern conditions demand, given that she is not required to be in the port of Rosario by reason of the use of the words ‘‘whether in port or not’’. Accordingly I would have upheld the conclusion of the Board of Appeal that notice of readiness could be given there.

3.415在The Adolf Leonhardt案,Staughton法官不得不慎重考慮在距阿根廷Rosario港下游200海里外的中轉交匯區遞交的準備就緒通知書是否有效。針對這一點,法官說,或許在措辭的表達中已經指示出該港范圍內沒有等候區域,那么,船舶就必須抵達該爭議港口的一個通常等候區域,而且必須是已經處于承租人立即馬上而有效的支配之下。就這一點,他總結道:

在我看來,由于現代的港口(或通信技術)條件要求,船舶在中轉交匯區似乎就是受承租人的有效支配,假設船舶由于‘不論進港與否’這些措辭的原因,就不必要求她一定要進入Rasario港了。因此,我贊成仲裁上訴審理委員會的結論觀點,即在那兒可以遞交有效的準備就緒通知書。

3.416 However, the judge also held that again the effect of the phrase could be largely cancelled out by a suitable exception clause such as the Centrocon strike clause.

3.416不過,法官又補充道:該短語的效力很大程度上可被適宜的除外條款所抵消,例如標準谷物租船合同中的罷工條款。

3.417 In London Arbitration 8/03, where the tribunal had to consider a WIPON provision in relation to a berth charter, the tribunal held:

In the case of a berth charter, that at very least required that the vessel should have completed the sea leg of the voyage and reached a point as near as possible to the loading or discharging berth. At ports where that port was outside port limits, the WIPON provision would assist the owner by allowing the vessel to tender notice of readiness there. Where however, as at Setubal, the vessel merely paused on its passage in to the port or berth, for example, to pick up a pilot, the requirements of the provision would not be satis?ed.

3.417 在報道的倫敦仲裁2003年第8號案,仲裁庭不得不考慮泊位租船合同下有關WIPON條文的適用問題,仲裁庭判決道:

在泊位租船合同情況下,很少會要求船舶必須完成海上航程階段和抵達離裝卸貨泊位盡可能臨近的地點。在港口租船合同,當該點(懷疑應為point)位于港口界限之外,WIPON條文是可以幫助船東以允許其在此遞交準備就緒通知書。然而,在葡萄牙Setubal港,船舶僅僅是在她前往港口或者泊位的路途上短暫停留,例如接領航員上船,并不能滿足這一條文規定要求。(因待泊時間計入,船東險勝。參考3.435段)

3.418 These cases illustrate the point that, whilst a WIPON clause may operate to activate the commencement of laytime when the vessel concerned is a signi?cant distance away from the port in question, nevertheless, the other criteria applicable to a WIBON provision must also be met and the anchorage that the ship has reached must be a recognised waiting place for that particular port.

3.418 這些案例闡明的一點是,WIPON條文的效力是,當所涉及的有關船舶距爭議港口有一定距離時,可以觸發啟動裝卸時間的起算,盡管如此,適用于WIBON條文的另一個準則也必須滿足:船舶已經抵達的錨地必須一個該指定港口所認可的等候區域。

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魏長庚
魏船長自2000年開始,有16年海上船舶航運經驗,先后在7條遠洋貨輪擔任船長,憑借豐富的航運實踐經驗,魏船長非常熟悉船舶的運營操作,在船舶操縱、貨物裝載與管理等方面有著豐富的實踐經驗。 近年來致力海商法的翻譯工作,包括“勞氏法律文庫”推薦,Informa出版的Bills of Lading(提單)、Time Charter(期租合同)、Marine Letter of Indemnify(海運保函)等書籍,和他人合作翻譯《船舶建造》。 專業著作:中英文版《船舶買賣》第六版、《裝卸時間與滯期費》

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